Biography of Swamiji and Chronological Genesis of Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam, Tirupparaithurai

Many are the masters who have deigned to bless this earth by their sojourn. Consciously or unconsciously human beings are wending their way towards divinity. They are on a long pilgrimage. These masters play the role of guides, leading the pilgrims along the intricate path. They infuse new life to the veins of the very pilgrims. They never preach what they have not practiced.

Swami Chidbhavananda was one amongst those masters. Swami Chidbhavananda was the very embodiment of the qualities which he had attributed to the great masters. He was born on March 11, 1898 in a traditional agricultural family to Perianna Gounder and Nanjammal. Swamiji was the last of the seven children.

Swami Chidbhavananda, a spiritual teacher of great eminence and a dynamic religious leader was initiated into the Ramakrishna order first as a Brahmachari and later as a sanyasin in the twenties by Swami Shivananda, popularly known as Mahapurushji Maharaj, a direct disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa.

Swami Chidbhavananda was the founder of the Ramakrishna Ashram at Udhgamandalam and was the head of the ashram from 1926 to 1940. Then he established an organization in 1942 at Tirupparaithurai, a sacred temple town on the banks of Cauvery, 15 km west of Tiruchirapally town in Tamilnadu. It was here that Swamiji established the Ramakrishna Tapovanam and developed it into a great religious, cultural and educational movement, enveloping the entire Tamilnadu.

S.No Year Details of genesis and contributions Remarks
1 11-3-1898 Avatar of Chinnu for Sri P.K. Perianna Gounder and Srimathy Nanjammaiyar. At Chenkuttaipalayam, Pollachi, Coimbatore Dt Basic education at Athupollachi school and Pollachi Panchayat schools
2 1912-1918 Stanes English School, Coimbatore High School education
3 1914 Meeting with Sarguru Swamigal Instruction to Read Sri Ramakrishna’s messages
4 1914 Meeting with Palani Sadhu Swamigal and Chatti Swamigal Got their blessings
5 1918 Got 7th place in Senior Cambridge in Madras state.
6 1918-1920 Study at Madras Presidency college F.A. course
7 1920 Impact of Speeches of Swami Vivekananda at Chennai lead to cancel education abroad. Meeting with Subbiah Swamigal.
8 1920-1923 B.A. Degree at Madras Presidency college - Contemporary friendship with T.S.Avinashilingam at Victoria Hostel. Entry to divine path. Visit to Sri Ramakrishna mutt, Mylapore, Chennai – blessed with Swami Sivanandar and Swami Brahmanandar.
9 1921 Demise of Srimathy Nanjammaiyar
10 1923 Reached Sri Ramakrishna mutt, Bhuvaneswar and lived with Srimath Akilananda Swamigal; Attained Brahmacharya Dheetsha from Swami Sivanandar –as Tirayambaga Chaitanyar Completion of BA Degree examination.
11 1924 With the blessings of Swami Sivanandar visit to South – meeting with Patriot VVS Aiyar – Meditation at Papanasam. Demise of VVS Aiyar by flood accident.
12 1924 June Foundation stone laid for Ashram at Ooty All support to establish ashram by the family members of Tirayambaga Chaitanyar
(Guru Poornima)
Sannyasa Dheetsha to Tirayambaga chaitanyar as - Swami Chidbhavananda - by Gurunathar stating, "you are dedicated to country's south". Demise of sri P K Perianna Gounder, Chinnu's father- At the time of offering Pindam at Pooja
14 1926-1930 Service at Sri Ramakrishna Madam, Ooty.
15 1930-1940
Visit of Mahatma Gandhi
Visit of Narayana Guru
Meeting with Kandazh Swamigal
Visit of Swami Virajanandar
Became the President of Ashram at Ooty. Social-spiritual services to tribal people of Ooty.
16 1930 December Floor Relief Service at Chengalpattu.
17 1934 Mahasamadhi of Gurunathar Swami Sivanandar
18 1934-1938 Became the Editor of Sri Ramakrishna Vijayam
19 1936 Centenary Celebration in a grand manner for Bhagavan Sri Ramakrishnar.
20 1937 Thiru Kailaya Giri Yatra
21 1939-1944 Became the President for Perianaickenpalayam Vidyala Management board
22 1940-1943
Visit to Tirupparaithurai
Participated Pasumpon Mayilambigai Samaetha Sri Tharugavaneswar temple consecration -
Meeting with Sri Ramanathan Chettiar
Meeting with Sri Arunachalam Chettiar
Stay and Meditation at Tirupparaithurai
Inception of basic school at 1000 pillar hall. Weekly Visit to Tiruchi Rock Fort Tayumanavar temple and conducted Discourse. Bhagavata Gita Discourses at ER School - Tiruchi, Karur and Salem.
23 1942 Inception of Sri Ramakrishna Tapovanam, Tirupparaithurai
24 1943
Inception of Sri Vivekananda Vidhyalaya Middle school and Vivekananda Students Home;
Establishment of Charity Health Care Centre.
25 1945-46 Land acquisition at Cauvery River Bed for school campus, from Forest Department
26 1947 Elevation of Middle school to High school Honourable Chief Minister Sri Omanthur Ramasamy Reddiar unveiled the school buildings.
27 1950 Inception of a middle school (day scholar) for Tirupparaithurai nearby villages.
28 1952
Establishment of Tapovanam Printing School
Inauguration of Dharma Chakram Monthly Journal
29 1953-1954 Centenary Celebration of Annaiyar Sri Sarada Devi Donated 1 Lakh for establishing Sri Sarada Madam at Calcutta.
30 1955 Establishment of Sri Ramakrishna Ashram at Courtallam; conduct of spiritual retreat for devotees.
Visit of Charavarthy Rajaji to Tapovanam
Visit of Dr Alagappa Chettiar to Tapovanam
31 1956 Introduction of Sri Sarada Vidhyalaya for women and other women institutions at Salem.
32 1955-1964 Visit of Dr A.L. Mudaliar, the Vice-chancellor of inaugurating the BEd college. Establishment of BEd College at Tapovanam.
33 1957 Visit of Dr S.Radhakrishanan for unveiling the buildings
Elevation of Tapovanam Middle school to High school.
Abroad visit to Malaysia.
34 1963-1964 Centenary Celebration of Swami Vivekananda Programmes – speeches –discourses in Tamil Nadu
35 1963 Establishment of Sri Ramakrishna Ashram, Tiruvedakam, Madurai District and Sri Ramakrishna Vivekananda Ashram at Chitrachavadi at Coimbatore district. In commemoration of Centenary Celebration
36 1964 Spiritual discourse for social transformation at Bhagavathy Amman temple, Kanniakumari.
37 1967 Inception of Sri Sarada Samiti at Salem – for propagating women sannyasin service in the society. Yatiswari Sarada Priya Amba – Founder President. Yatiswari Siva Priya amba and Yatiswari Ambika Priya amba – Vice-Presidents for Salem Sarada Samiti
38 1971 Establishment of Vivekananda College under Gurukula system ( A Life Training Institute) at Tiruvedakam west, Madurai dt.
39 1973 Dedication and delegation of Cheranmahadevi VVS Aiyar’s Bharadwaj Ashram and Advaita Ashram at Salem to Tapovanam.
40 1976 Establishment of Sri Ramakrishna Ashram at Pannaikadu, Dindigul district. Summer Study School for Gurukula students.
41 1977 Floor Relief Services at Tirupparaithurai
42 1979 Visit of Italian Priests to take training with Swamiji; Inauguration of Narendra Kazhi Koodam (Nursery) at Tiruvedakam and Vivekananda Higher Secondary School at Tiruvedakam west.
43 1980 Dedication of Mukundarao Choultry, Rameswaram to our Swamiji. Inception of Sri Ramakrishna Madam.
44 1984
Inception of Sri Sarada Samidhi, Madurai
Inception of Sri Sarada Samidhi, Mannarkudi
45 1985, June Representation from Tirunelveli Hindu Public for the establishment of Educational Institution. Boomi Pooja for the Sri Sarada Samiti and Sri Sarada Educational institutions
46 1985, August Health deterioration – Strict adherence to spiritual system.
47 1985 August – November Blesses the visiting devotees with "Be Blissful" i.e ANDAMAGA IRUNGAL.
48 1985 Participation in General Body Meeting at Salem
49 16-11-1985 Attained Maha Samadhi.
Swamiji met the following personalities Great people who met our Swamiji
Chatti Swamigal Dr S.Radhakrishnan
Kandhalzh Swamigal Dr A.Lakshmna Mudaliar
Mahatma Gandhi N.D.Sundaravadivelu
Narayana Guru Dr Alagappa Chettiar
Rabindranath Tagore King Jeya Samaraja udaiyar
Ramana Maharishi Periyar E.V.Ramasamy
Sadhu Swamigal Chakravarthy Raja Gopalachari
Sarguru Swamigal K.Kamarajar
Subbiah Swamigal C.N. Annadurai
Swami Akilanandar Kirubananda Variar
Swami Brahmanandar M.G.Ramachandran
Swami Sivanandar Governor Prakasa
Swami Vibulanandar Dr M.Varadarasanar
Swami Virajanandar P.Thooran
VVS Aiyar Rasigamani T.K.C.
Raya Chockalingam

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